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Monday, August 17, 2009

at和 in
  at
  我們可以說 be at home(在家),be at work(在工作),be at the office(在辦公室),be at school(上學),be at university(上大
   學), be at an address(在某一地方), be at a certain point(在某一地點),如 be at the bridge(在橋邊),be at the crossroads(在十字路口), be at the bus-stop(在公共汽車站)。

  in
   使用in的地方有be in a country(在一個國家),be in a town (在一個城鎮), be in a village(在一個村莊), be in a square(在一個廣場上),be in a street(在一條街上),be in a room(在一間房間裏),be in a forest(在一個森林裏),be in a wood(在一片小樹林裏),be in a field(在一片田野裏),be in a desert(在沙漠中)等。在任何有邊界或被圈起來的地方,都可使用in。但講到一個小地方,如a square,a street,a room,a field時,如果我們意指“在這地點”而不是指“在裏面”時,可以在地點前用at。
   我們可以說 in a building,也可以說 at a building。 in僅意味著在裏面,at可以指在裏面或者在樓旁庭院裏或者在樓外。如果說某人 be at the station,他可能在車站外面的街上(in the street outside)、在售票處(in the ticket office)、在候車室(in the waiting room)、在車站餐廳(in the restaurant)或者在站臺上(on the platform)。
  我們可以說 in the sea,也可以說 at the sea。 in/at a river, lake, swimming pool等也一樣成立。
  這裏in意味著真在水中:
  The children are swimming in the river.
  孩子們正在河裏游泳。
  at the sea/river/lake等意指 near/beside the sea(靠近/在海邊)。但 at sea(不帶冠詞)卻是一個習語,意味著on a ship
  (在海上航行)。

  in和into
  如上所述,in常常指位置。
  但into指的是移動,表示進入:
  They climbed into the lorry.
  他們爬進了卡車裏。
  I poured the beer into a tankard.
  我把啤酒倒進了大酒杯裏。
  Thieves broke into my house./My house was broken into.
  盜賊破門闖進了我的家。/我的家被盜賊破門闖入。
  in或into都可以和動詞put連用:
  He put his hands in/into his pockets.
  他伸手到衣兜裏。
  in也可以是副詞:
  Come in.相當於:
  Enter.
  進來。來源:www.examda.com
  Get in/into the car.
  上來。/進汽車裏去。
  on和onto
  on既可以用來表示位置也可以用來表示移動:
  He was sitting on his case.
  他那時正坐在他的箱子上。
  Snow fell on the hills
  雪花落在山丘上。
  His name is on the door.
  門上有他的名字。
  He went on board ship.
  他登上了輪船。
  在涉及到水平面高低變化的移動時,可以用onto,但這主要用於人和動物:
  People climbed onto their roofs.
  人們爬上自己家的房頂。
  We lifted him onto the table.
  我們把他抬到桌上。來源:www.examda.com
  The cat jumped onto the mantelpiece.
  貓跳到了壁爐臺上。
  on也可以作副詞:Go on
  繼續下去。/說下去。
  Come on.來源:考試大網
  跟我來。/快點。

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